Sugarcane is processed by first extracting the cane juice. Our new crystalgraphics chart and diagram slides for powerpoint is a collection of over impressively designed datadriven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Extraction the removal of juice from the cane by crushing. Below, we discuss what each of these steps entails. Sugar cane growth period typically lasts 12 months 5.
One prominent desugarization process is ion exclusion, which separates compounds by their molecular weight and electrical charge. Stateoftheart processing involves separating the natural sugar juice from the stalk then concentrating the juice to produce raw sugar crystals and blackstrap molasses. This edition expands coverage of new developments during the past decadespecialty sugars, plant maintenance, automation, computer control systems and the. Mills extract raw sugar from freshly harvested cane, and sometimes bleach it to make mill white sugar for local consumption. As can be seen in figure 5, out of the total biomass distribution on the sugar cane plant, 60% is millable cane and this has a moisture content of 7075 %. The sugar process is divided 1 entry or transportation of the sugar cane 2 milling 3 clarification 4 evaporation 5 crystallization 6 separation 7 refining 8 drying 9 storage. A new process for the production of white sugar in a cane sugar mill developed. This term is used throughout to indicate a sugar processing plant regardless of its type. In australia the sugar miller is mostly responsible for transport of sugarcane. The major air emissions from sugar processing and refining result mainly from the combustion of bagasse fiber residue of sugar cane. Sugar cane is a kind of grass with big stems similar to bamboo cane and mostly when it is harvested it ha s a height of about 3m. Processing has traditionally taken place in two stages.
Currently, most sugarcane is grown in estates, owned by the sugar processing factories spf as well as contract growers cg. The canes are thoroughly cleaned and cut into small pieces. It passes through various sugar equipment including a shredder, which uses a series of knives to chop the cane keep reading. Sugar process sugar cane growers cooperative of florida.
In addition, processors have been looking for new ways to increase revenue from processing sugarcane. With over 150 years of sugar experience, honiron manufacturing has been a trusted name in the sugar processing equipment industry. It is a disaccharide, a molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Sugar, a one of the product gotten from the processing of sugar cane, is one such consumer goods that is consumed by virtually everyone because it has little or no substitute. Most sugar processing plants are sized according to this figure which is based on a 24 hour day. The main component of the sugarcane juice in the production of muscovado, sugarcane syrup, and rapadura is sucrose. In many factories the cane is crushed in a series of large roller mills. The harvested cane stalks are loaded mechanically into trucks or railroad cars and taken to mills for processing into raw sugar. Sugar manufacturing effluents typically have biochemical oxygen demand bod5 1,7006,600 milligrams per liter mgl in untreated effluent from cane processing and 4,0007,000 mgl for beet processing, cod 2,3008,000 mgl from cane processing and up to 10,000 mgl in beet processing, total suspended. Operating 24hours a day during the harvest season, glades sugar house grinds as much as 26,000 tons of sugarcane per day. Industry profitability can be enhanced by increasing the yield of extractable.
After processing and refining, not only are the end products exceptionally pure and highly marketable, but even the byproducts can be sold or put to good use. Sugar cane diffusion, crushing mill, sugar cane industry introduction in the 20142015 harvest, the world sugar cane agroindustry was responsible for producing 155. Other products of the processing include bagasse, molasses, and filtercake. Once cut, sugarcane begins to lose its sugar content, and damage to the cane during mechanical harvesting accelerates this decline. This is mainly achieved through a substantial cane railway network and rolling stock. To grow well, sugar cane needs warm sunny weather free from frost, welldrained, fertile soil and lots of water around 1,500 mm of rainfall a year or access to irrigation. Theyll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance the kind of sophisticated look that todays audiences expect. Unesco eolss sample chapters soils, plant growth and crop production vol. One difference in processing between the two plants is that sugar beets are refined at a single facility, a sugar beet factory and sugar cane at two facilities. Apr, 2020 the sugar manufacturing process is executed through the growing, harvesting, and processing of sugarcane. The complete book on sugarcane processing and byproducts of. Sugar production from sugar cane practical action 2 tcd tonnes of cane per day refers to the amount of cane a processing plant crushes each day and not the amount of sugar produced.
The processing of sugarcane to produce crystallized sugar occurs by different methods. The sweet juice comes gushing out and the cane fibre is carried away for use in the boilers. The sugar manufacturing process is executed through the growing, harvesting, and processing of sugarcane. Sugar beet may also be used in the sugar refining process. Chart and diagram slides for powerpoint beautifully designed chart and diagram s for powerpoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. Deploying leading edge technology and industry knowledge, we manufacture a complete line of sugar processing equipment for the most demanding applications with unsurpassed quality and dependability. Today sugarequip is one of the leading specialist suppliers of sugar processing equipment, spares and support services, having supplied equipment around the globe for more than half a century. Ii growth and production of sugarcane willy verheye encyclopedia of life support systems eolss sugar cane is a perennial grass that thrives well in tropical and frostfree warm. Juicesoftening process molassessoftening process molassesdesugaring process refining caneraw sugar in a beetsugar factory. Due to the required growing conditions the majority or sugar cane for. The actual sugar production process will vary depending upon the type of sugar.
Sugar cane is a tropical grass which can grow to around 34 m tall and is similar to bamboo. The actual sugar production process will vary depending upon the type of sugar being made. Purchase chemistry and processing of sugarbeet and sugarcane, volume 9 1st edition. After processing and refining, not only are the end products exceptionally pure and highly marketable, but even. Sugar cane or sugar beets are the primary ingredient for the sugar process of which molasses is a byproduct.
Sugarbeet processing laboratory methods of analysis the book also includes technologies that improve the operation and profitability of the beetsugar factories, such as. In the 201112 season, south africa produced its lowest sugar crop in the past 15 years at 1. Sugarcane processing for ethanol and sugar in brazil. When the crop extended into industrial countries field preparation and harvest were gradually mechanized. Pdf cane sugar handbook download full pdf book download.
Improvements in processing sugar cane are continuous as processors attempt to reduce costs. Sugar production from cane sugar climate technology centre. Extraction of juice from sugarcane and conversion to raw sugar. Although there are variants of sweeteners honey, saccharine, and others, these are seldom used by the industrial consumers of sugar. Sugarcane processing is focussed on the production of cane sugar from sugarcane. Pdf this booklet deals with the main straw processing systems in operation at sugarcane mills, highlighting the alternatives that make straw more like. Running the longest sugar beet processing operations anywhere in the world takes precision planning, high level technology, and an intense double focus on safety and quality. Whether sugar comes from sugar beets or sugar cane, the purification process is similar for each plant, and the result is the same pure sucrose. Issues of starch in sugarcane processing and prospects of.
Pests the cane grub can substantially reduce crop yield by eating roots. The first stage of processing is the extraction of the cane juice. Sugarcane processing is focussed on the production of cane sugar sucrose from sugarcane. The sweet juice comes gushing out and the cane fibre is. Pdf sugarcane production, processing and marketing in tanzania. How sugar is made manufacture, used, processing, parts. In order to increase production at the beet sugar factory, molasses desugarization is practiced. Seven varieties, hocp 96540, l 99226, hocp 00950, l 01. Sugar cane industry overview and energy efficiency. Pdf sugarcane production, processing and marketing in.
Juice extraction, clarification, and concentration are critical steps in sugar processing. Steps involved in manufacturing canesugar with diagram. In 1983, cual split into cual to focus on the electrical industry, and sugarequip which would focus on the sugar industry. Australian mills operate over 4,000km of narrowgauge railway and almost 95% of the cane crop is transported to sugar mills using railways. Ppt sugar cane production powerpoint presentation free to.
For human consumption, sucrose is extracted and refined from either sugarcane or sugar beet. Sugar cane stalks are harvested from fields in locations such as florida, louisiana and texas and then sent to a nearby sugar mill. The complete book on sugarcane processing and byproducts of molasses with analysis of sugar, syrup and molasses by h. Variety development has been a long standing cooperative effort governed by the threeway agreement of 2007. The juice is then thickened up into a syrup by boiling off the water using steam. Chemistry and processing of sugarbeet and sugarcane, volume 9. Other sugarcane products include molasses, rum, and cachaca a brazilian alcohol, and the plant itself can be used as thatch and as livestock fodder. Preparation and processing 3 after the cane arrives at the mill yards, it is mechanically unloaded, and excessive soil and rocks are removed. Group 5 akshayanim 2008cs10155 anubhavjain 2008cs10161 dhruv jayant 2008tt10670. Worlds best powerpoint templates crystalgraphics offers more powerpoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. And then the route was traced to india and southeast asia. For the 2014 season, sugar production is estimated at 2. Juice extraction on arrival at the sugar processing plant, sugarcane is loaded onto a conveyor table. The following points highlight the six main steps involved in manufacturing canesugar.
The laboratory experiment was carried out using sugar cane trash from the hawaii agricultural research centers harc kunia research station on the island of oahu. Winner of the standing ovation award for best powerpoint templates from presentations magazine. India was the first to begin the production of sugar following the process of pressing sugarcane to extract juice and boil it to get. This edition expands coverage of new developments during the past decadespecialty sugars, plant maintenance, automation, computer control systems and the latest in instrumental analysis for the sugar industry. Sugar manufacturing effluents typically have biochemical oxygen demand bod5 1,7006,600 milligrams per liter mgl in untreated effluent from cane processing and 4,0007,000 mgl for beet processing, cod 2,3008,000 mgl from cane processing and up to. Pdf the options and prospects for the direct production of white sugar in a. Sugarcane production, processing and marketing in tanzania article pdf available in african study monographs 19 may 1998 with 9,788 reads how we measure reads.
It is natural and has been produced from sugar cane and sugar beet for thousands of years. Sucrose is produced naturally in plants, from which table sugar is refined. Other products of the processing include bagasse, molasses, and. Sugar cane processing free download as powerpoint presentation. Cane and beet sugar extracts contain sucrose and undesirable amounts of polysaccharides, lignins, proteins, starches, gums, waxes, and other colloidal impurities that contribute colour andor taste to the crystalline product and reduce. Processing traditionally, sugarcane processing requires two stages. A fraction containing salts and highmolecularweight colorants and saccharides comes first off the resin column. In print for over a century, it is the definitive guide to cane sugar processing, treatment and analysis. The following points highlight the six main steps involved in manufacturing cane sugar. The study indicated that, beyond other factors, environmental impacts of sugarcane products are influenced by the nature of cane. Ppt sugar cane production powerpoint presentation free.
Sugarcane processing produces cane sugar sucrose from sugarcane. The byproducts from cane sugar processing, namely the straw and bagasse cane fibres, can be used to produce cellulosic ethanol, a secondgeneration biofuel. Then the juice will be cleaned up with slaked lime. Bagasse, the residual dry fiber of the cane after cane juice has been extracted, is used for several purposes. Bagasse, the residual woody fiber of the cane, is used for several purposes. Sugar cane industry overview and energy efficiency considerations. The juice is then clarified, concentrated and crystalized. Sugar cane processing carbohydrates sugar free 30day. Huge rollers press sugar cane juice out of the shredded stalks. Today sugarequip is one of the leading specialist suppliers of sugar processing equipment, spares and support services, having supplied equipment around the. At the sugar mill, the sugar cane stalks are washed and cut into shreds. How molasses is made manufacture, making, history, used.
Traditionally, sugar cane was grown in developing countries where much unskilled labor was available for harvesting. For approximately 280 days our factories operate 247 churning out 150 pounds of beet sugar every second. May 31, 2017 juice extraction, clarification, and concentration are critical steps in sugar processing. Sugar cane saccharum officenarum is a tall thick perennial that thrives in tropical and subtropical regions.389 1011 54 1004 812 843 779 1358 470 1480 1143 926 965 798 1497 666 104 491 453 313 1521 42 541 858 798 511 731 60 1045 121 143 662 168 1297 1482 612 642 1151 1489 1349 839 641